Category Archives: Special Projects

The Viral Game: The Global Football Community’s Response to Epidemics and Pandemics in the Twenty-First Century

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By Patrick H. Salkeld, Independent Scholar Abstract The twenty-first century has seen health crises related to SARS, Swine Flu, Ebola, Zika, and COVID-19. Nations cooperated with supranational groups when deciding what to do with football operations in these crises except during the COVID-19 pandemic when the “Ostrich Alliance” viewed it as interference with their sovereignty. Key words: pandemics, football (soccer),

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Ideology and Disease: Cholera, Policy and Identity during the Sino-Japanese War

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By Roberto Padilla, The University of Toledo History Abstract During the Sino-Japanese War the Japanese army medical bureau employed medical protocols based largely on their ideological import. The result was a failed system of testing that prevented the early identification of a cholera epidemic that swept through the warzone. Near the end of the conflict the epidemic also spread to

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Artifacts, Virality, and Connection: Social Media and Teaching in the Age of COVID-19

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By Kevin Mitchell Mercer, M.A., Adjunct Professor of History, University of Central Florida Abstract A history adjunct professor’s assignment allows students to understand that historic moments can be can be both extremely personal and globally shared and makes global connections for educators. Key words: Pandemic, COVID-19, history teaching, historical artifacts, social media. Edited by Birgit Schneider and Justin Quinn Olmstead.

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Pandemics, Past and Present: Influenza, COVID-19, Military Hospital Ships in Japan

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By Sumiko Otsubo, Metropolitan State University Abstract During the Siberian Intervention, the Japanese Army decided not to adopt hospital ships (病院船) but to rely on patient ships (患者船) when transporting 13,800 troops back to Japan and when the fall wave of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic was at its worst. Is it a valuable lesson for the current hospital ship legislative debate

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“A Good Winter Rain Will Put Everything Right”: The British Government in India’s Response to the 1918 Influenza Pandemic and Famine

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By Maura Chhun, Metropolitan State University Abstract The 1918 Influenza Pandemic killed over twelve million Indians while a concurrent famine drove up the cost of basic necessities. The British government framed the pandemic as a complicating factor in their otherwise successful management of the famine, but more accurately the famine was a contributing factor to the pandemic’s death toll. Key words:

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Pedagogical and Historical Resources for the Pandemic

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By Sarah Pesola, Chief Intern, undergraduate at Metropolitan State University Edited by Birgit Schneider and Jeanne E. Grant This is a special summer issue of the journal called, Pandemics in Historical Perspective. Every Friday, or nearly every Friday, through mid-June another article will be published. The articles, as they are published, will be open to moderated comments. We invite readers

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Special Summer Issue: Pandemics in Historical Perspective

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Overview of this special issue of The Middle Ground Journal By Jeanne E. Grant, Chief Editor This is a special summer issue of the journal called, Pandemics in Historical Perspective. Every Friday, or nearly every Friday, through mid-June another article will be published. The articles, as they are published, will be open to moderated comments. We invite readers to comment

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