Editorial Staff

The Middle Ground Journal: World History and Global Studies (ISSN: 2155-1103), is an open-access, refereed and nonprofit journal published by the Midwest World History Association. We do not charge fees of any type to authors, reviewers, or readers. Please check our Submission Guidelines page for information on our open-access policy and detailed instructions on style and formatting. Further information on the journal also available at: https://www.facebook.com/middlegroundjournal .


Chief Editor:


Assistant Editors:

Jeanne E. Grant, Metropolitan State University, St. Paul
Rebecca A. Nedostup, Brown University, Providence
Karen Rosenflanz, The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth
Kathryn Marquis Hirsch, The North Star Reports, St. Paul

Contributing Editors:

Ashley Dressel, The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth
Marin Ekstrom, BISS Teacher Training Institute, Beijing
Jill Gaeta, University of Minnesota – Duluth, Duluth
Sarah R. Hamilton, Auburn University, Auburn
Mariona Lloret Rodà, Blanquerna – Universitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona
Andrae M. Marak, Governors State University, Chicago
Eileen Orzoff-Baranyk, Vernon Hills High School, IL
Martin Pflug, The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth
Birgit Schneider, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Ellie Swanson, Wrenshall School District, Minnesota


Contributors are solely responsible for the opinions, analyses, and conclusions of their essays. The editors, MWWHA disclaim any responsibility for the opinions and analyses of the contributors and those who submit comments. We have made every effort to alert our contributors on the importance of respecting intellectual property rights. If one of our contributors has mistakenly submitted an image that is not open sourced, please email the Chief Editor and we will remove the image(s) immediately. The contributors are solely responsible for all of words and images they submit for publication.

The Middle Ground Journal is a scholarly journal of world history and global studies. It is also a teaching journal. Therefore, the journal also serves as an educational institution. Because of this dual nature, we have always had contingents of graduate and undergraduate student interns. Our student interns are given broad access to various parts of the scholarly journal, from the peer-review process, to book reviews, to marketing, IT, and community and K-12 outreach. These opportunities are strictly educational — ultimately our editors perform the scholarly editorial functions, our student interns shadow and learn from the process. Our student interns do not perform basic administrative and office tasks.

For a description of the student internship program, please see HERE. For information on the undergraduate and K-12 outreach program, The North Star Reports: Global Citizenship and Digital Literacy (ISSN: 2377-908X), please see HERE and HERE. 


The Middle Ground Journal wishes to express its gratitude to the College’s School of Arts and Letters and to the Department of History and Politics for their support. Special thanks, too, to the IT Department of The College of St. Scholastica. In particular, to Mr. John Eastvold, whose extraordinary programming expertise made the founding of this publication possible. We also express our gratitude to Dr. Lynn Hamre and Chris Jugacek for their support. We extend our gratitude to St. Scholastica’s College Communications and Marketing Department for their assistance, and also to Brad Snelling and St. Scholastica’s Library for their work on behalf of the journal. Special thanks to Mr. Steven Mueggenberg for helping the Middle Ground Journal upgrade its website during the 2017-2018 school year.

Privacy policy: The Middle Ground Journal is an open access, not for profit scholarly journal. We do not track, collect, distribute, or sell information from our contributors and readers.

For articles published between 2010 to Spring, 2018, see: HERE